Before My Time is about the ancestry and extended family of my four grandparents: John Samuel Krentz (Indiana/North Dakota), Margreta Tjode Hedwig (Gertie) Buss (North Dakota), Rosmer Pettis Kerr (Pennsylvania/Michigan), and Evelyn Elvina Hauer (Michigan), and other topics in genealogy and family history.

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Wednesday, December 27, 2006

Notes from The Sheldon Progress, 1906

January 19:
Pleasant Prairie: Miss Anna Buss has gone to Glenwood, Minn., to spend the winter with Mrs. A.P. Nelson.

Mrs. Jake Muth is numbered among the sick. Mrs. Muth's mother is with her.
February 16:
Herman Buss has gone to Arkansas to visit H. Eifling and family.
March 9:
Pleasant Prairie: A large crowd gathered at the home of Jake Muth Sunday evening to help Mrs. Muth celebrate her birthday. All enjoyed a good time.

Herman Buss, who has been visiting friends in Arkansas, returned the latter part of last week. He is very much pleased with that country.
March 23:
A number of young folks gathered at the home of Ferdinand Buss Saturday night to help Ed celebrate his birthday.

Mr. and Mrs. Frank Nohr and little daughter left on Tuesday for Marion, Wis., to make their future home. Mr. Nohr has lived here for 15 years and his wife was born and raised in Shenford. They have universal wishes for continued happiness and prosperity.
April 20:
Mr. and Mrs. Jake Muth, Mr. F. Buss and family were the guests of H. Froemke and family Sunday.
May 11:
Miss Hulda Buss, who has been at Lisbon the past few months, is now staying with home folks.
June 1:
Pleasant Prairie: Miss Lydia Buss has gone to visit at Glenwood, Minn.

Pleasant Prairie: Mrs. August Nelson of Glenwood, Minn., left monday after a week's visit with home folks.
July 20:
Pleasant Prairie: Miss Hulda Buss spent Sunday with home folks.
August 3:
Pleasant Prairie: Miss Hulda Buss spent Sunday at home, returning to Lisbon Monday.
August 17:
Pleasant Prairie: Miss Hulda Buss came up from Lisbon Sunday to attend church.
September 21:
Pleasant Prairie: Mrs. August Nelson of Glenwood, Minn., is visiting her parents Mr. and Mrs. F. Buss.

Mrs. F. Buss and daughter were guests of Mrs. Oswald Ihme from Friday-Saturday.
September 28:
Pleasant Prairie: Oscar Wieg called on Sheldon friends Sunday.

Mrs. August Nelson left Sunday for her home at Glenwood, Minn.

Miss Hulda Buss returned home from Lisbon Tuesday and will remain at home.
December 7:
A large crowd of young folks were pleasantly entertained at the home of F. Buss Sunday evening.

Mr. and Mrs. F. Buss were visitors at the Wall home Monday evening.
December 21:
A son was born on Tuesday to Mr. and Mrs. Jake Muth.

Sunday, December 24, 2006

Lizzie Schulte Corneilson and the ladies of her church

(click to enlarge)

This group photograph was taken on the steps of a Catholic church in Detroit, Michigan. The photographer was A. Rentschler of 101 Gratiot Avenue. I estimate the date was about 1920.

My grandmother Evelyn identified three women. "Mama" (back row, third from left) was her mother, Elizabeth Schulte Corneilson. The notation on the left says "Mrs. Auer" and the one at the lower right says "Mrs. Fessler." I don't recognize these two names, and I don't think they are relatives, just friends known to Evelyn.

The church is not identified. Lizzie was baptized in the Lutheran church, but converted to Catholicism when she married Felix Hauer. I looked to my notes on Felix in an effort to find out what church this might be.

Felix Hauer's First Communion
(click to enlarge)

According to this certificate, Felix celebrated his first communion at St. Joseph's Church in Detroit on July 6, 1879. I believe this refers to the Catholic church at 1828 Jay Street. I found a photo of this St. Joseph's online, and it doesn't resemble the church in the photo above.

Google, however, turned up another result in the search for St. Joseph's: Holy Rosary Roman Catholic Church which, prior to 1907, was St. Joseph's Episcopal Church. Oddly, this church greatly resembles the church in the photo above, except for the brickwork (which may have been given a facelift at some point). Holy Rosary, at 5930 Woodward Avenue, was further from Lizzie's home on Townsend Avenue than St. Joseph's Catholic, but I suppose not so far as to preclude her attendance there. Research in the records of both churches might prove interesting.

Meanwhile, I wanted to share this photo because others with Detroit roots may recognize this church, or perhaps may even recognize an ancestor of their own. If you're able to positively identify the church, or if your ancestor is in the photo, please contact me via the Comments section. Upon request, I'd be happy to share a high-resolution copy of the photo, so please include your email address in the comment. All comments must be approved by me before being published, and those which include an email address or other way for me to contact you will remain private. Your personal contact information will not be published to this blog.


Information on this photo has been updated. Click here for additional identifications.

Tuesday, December 19, 2006

Notes from The White County Democrat, 1906

The reverse side of this 1906 postcard* was a Christmas greeting.
(click to enlarge)

February 9:
Michael Krintz has sold his 21-acre farm east of town to Mr. Smith.

Anyone wanting wood cut should call on J.M. Bess and August Krinning.

Mrs. Charles Klouck and son, Eugene, were the guests of the former's parents, Mr. and Mrs. W.T. Bernethy.
April 6:
It has been rumored that Fred Krinning of this place is to be married soon in Minnesota.
April 20:
Fred Krintz has purchased a new rubber tire buggy. Now look out, girls, he will soon call around.
May 11:
Advertised Letters: Letters remaining at the post office in Monticello, Ind., unclaimed, May 2, 1906, which if not called for in 2 weeks will be sent to the dead letter office in Washington, D.C.: Mr. Johney Krentz
June 15:
Fred Krentz made a flying trip to Bell Center last Sunday. You are all right, Fritz, but that's quite a distance to go.
July 6:
All Aboard For N.D. (front page): North Dakota is booming. Just take your wife's folks and go with me in August if you want to get a homestead or buy. Land sells for from $7 to $15 per acre and you make your own terms. It will pay for itself. Free carfare to purchasers. Excursion rates. Watch for exact date. I can refer you to one man who spent $1200 for 160 acres there and now gets an annual income of $700. Can you beat that here for $1200? For particulars address Earl Burgett, Idaville, Ind.
[A later announcement gives the date, August 21. No Krentz went on the trip.]

Real Estate Transfers: From the abstract books of the Hamelle Abstract Company: James W. Gardner et ux to Michael Krintz, lots 20 to 25 Holtam's Add., Reynolds $200
July 13:
Reynolds: A fine Jersey cow belonging to Charls Buss Jr. died last week from eating weeds in a potato patch where paris green had been used.

Edith Hornbeck, daughter of Samuel and Mary, age 24:6:2, born in Union Township 29 January 1882, died 1 August 1906 of typhoid fever. She was next to youngest of four sisters and two brothers, and leaves three sisters and two brothers. She was a steno-typist.

Chalmers RR12: Ed Hasselbrink was on the sick list Saturday.
September 7:
Reynolds: Rev. Kuonen was in Monticello Wednesday evening attending a meeting of the Eastern Star order. Mr. Kuonen will preach his farewell sermon in the Methodist church next Sunday morning.
September 14:
Sitka: Fred Criswell and Olive Hughes started to school at Monticello the first of the week.

Rev. Etienne M. Kuonen and Miss Mary E. Krinning were married Tuesday morning at the home of the bride in Reynolds, Rev. D.M. Wood of Battle Ground officiating. Rev. Kuonen is a native of Martigny, Valois, Switzerland, and has been pastor of the Methodist church at Reynolds for the past year. The bride is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. August Krinning, and is one of our most highly esteemed young ladies, and the best wishes of all our people go with them. Mr. Kuonen attended conference at Valparaiso this week.

Rev. Hattes, of Indiana Harbor, was here the first of the week visiting Rev. Kuonen and old time Reynolds friends.

Miss Bessie Byling returned to her home in Chicago Sunday, after a visit with the Krinning family.
November 16:
Chalmers RR12: Jewell Ward has a new Sheller No. 5.
December 14:
John Rice and wife were Reynolds callers Monday.

Dick Buss won socks at oyster stew Saturday night in Reynolds (homeliest man).
December 21:

Reynolds RR10: John Reis was in our neighborhood Thursday.

December 28:
Sand Hill: Henry Brandt and family expect to move onto Mr. Holmes' place.

*Thanks to Bill and Sharon Krintz for sharing old family postcards preserved by Alberta Westfall Krintz.

Thursday, December 14, 2006

What's more strange than a jar of hair? (Part Deux)

I thought it was pretty bizarre having two jars of family hair, but... wait... there's more. My mother left me a small blue locket. It's 11/16" wide. Inside, not pictures...
...instead, more hair! This time, snippets from the moustache of my grandfather, Rosmer Kerr.

Wednesday, December 13, 2006

Fred and Elisabeth Hebert

The names of Fred and Elisabeth Hebert appear on a list of passengers aboard the S. S. Rotterdam, which sailed from Rotterdam, The Netherlands, on July 12, 1921 and arrived at the Port of New York July 22.
The Heberts are included on a portion of the manifest entitled List of United States Citizens. Elisabeth's entry identifies her as a citizen by marriage. Their address in the U.S. was 4640 Canton Avenue, Detroit, Michigan.

According to this document, Fred was born March 29, 1871 in Albany, New York. It says Fred was 50 and Elisabeth 45 years old.

It's not clear from the ship manifest whether Fred and Elisabeth were married before this trip. I thought it possible that Fred went abroad alone as a single man and married Elisabeth in Germany, so I looked to the census for more information.

According to the 1930 census, the Heberts still lived at 4640 Canton Avenue in Detroit. Living with them were a lodger and three nephews. Elisabeth's nephew, my Uncle Paul's brother Alfons H. Koenig, had arrived from Buer, Germany the year before. Another German nephew, Erich Roehrken, had arrived in 1928. The third was Fred's nephew, Leo Hebert, from Massachusetts.

Beyond that, this census raises more questions than it answers. Fred's age is listed as 59, which doesn't contradict the age given in the ship manifest. Elisabeth's age, however, is listed as 44, a 15-year age difference from Fred. On the ship manifest, their age difference was only five years.

The 1930 census asks at what age each individual was first married. The response for Fred was age 19, which would mean he was first married in 1890. The response for Elisabeth was age 36. If her age was correctly given as 44, that would mean she first married around 1922, the year after Fred returned from Germany with, perhaps, a first wife who was also named Elisabeth. If her age was erroneously reported as 44 when she was actually 54, the age which would agree with the age of the wife Elisabeth on the ship manifest, then she may--or may not!--have been first married in 1912. Either way, it appears she was Fred's second wife. To confuse matters more, 1907 is given as the year she first immigrated to the United States. If that's true, she came as a single woman. Not knowing her maiden name, I haven't yet found any record of her arrival in the U.S. at that time. You see what I mean about the questions!

The 1920 census adds another layer of confusion. I didn't find a Fred Hebert living on Canton, but I did find one on Gratiot, just around the corner from Canton, with a wife named Elizabeth. This Fred is 48--close enough for census work, I guess--and Elizabeth 43, five years younger, so that looks promising. In 1920, Elizabeth's date of immigration is 1905, in contrast to the 1907 date given in 1930.

The Heberts of 1920 shared their home with Fred's brother Frank and a nephew named Joseph. Although this may seem like a no-brainer considering the Heberts' known habit of sharing their home with nephews, compare the answers given for Fred's birthplace, and the birthplaces of his parents. According to the 1930 census, the Fred we know to be ours was born in New York, and his parents in Massachusetts. The Fred in the 1920 census is said to have been born in New York, but his parents are said to be French Canadian. His brother Frank, three years younger than Fred, is said to be French Canadian by birth, while the nephew Joseph (Frank's son?) was said to have been born in Massachusetts, of a French Canadian father and a mother from Connecticut.

In my mind, there's enough similarity in these two profiles to think they may both pertain to the same Fred Hebert, but it's still necessary to question it. Why? Because this was not the only Fred Hebert in Detroit during the timespan in question. Here's a sampling of Fred Heberts listed in R.L. Polk & Co.'s Detroit City Directories:

1917 (p. 1014):
  • Fred C, mach, h190 Grand av e HP
  • Fredk C, Inspr Publick Lighting Commission, h884 Lorraine av
  • Fred C h1314 Brush
  • Fred S electn h884 Loraine av
1920-21 (p. 1366):
  • Fred mach h4640 (1090) Canton av
  • Fred C draftsman Arthur Knapp Eng Corp r1060 (47) Carmel av
  • Fred C elec Inspr CS bldg h5774 (884) Loraine av
1922-23 (p. 1134-35):
  • Fred autowkr h4640 Canton av
  • Fredk C Inspr Dept of Bldgs & Safety Eng h5774 Loraine av
1925-26 (p. 1062):
  • Fred mach h4640 Canton av
  • Fred C mech eng General Motors Corp h20233 Welland av
  • Fred N electn h5774 Loraine av
1927-28 (p. 1174):
  • Fred (Elis) mach h4640 Canton av
  • Fred C drftsmn U S Rubber Co r276 Academy av (Fern)
  • Fredk C Inspr h5774 Loraine av
1929-30 (p. 1036):
  • Fred h4640 Canton av
  • Fred trimmer r4544 Radnor av
  • Fred C Inspr Dept of B&SE h5774 Loraine av
[The letter "h" before the address numerals means home, while the letter "r" means rent. Wives' names are in parentheses, but as you can see, their inclusion in the listings was inconsistent. In the 1920-21 edition, you see an extra set of numbers in parentheses--Detroit addresses had been renumbered, and the former number of each address was shown in parentheses.]

These city directory listings don't really help us much with regard to proving or disproving the relevance of the 1920 census entry shown above. And it's good to note that these listings have inconsistencies of their own. For example, the Fred Hebert who lived on Loraine Avenue was listed with three different middle initials in these seven directories.

Here are a few ideas for additional research that could add to this story:
  • Deed research could show when Fred Hebert obtained the home at 4640 Canton Avenue.
  • A ship manifest showing Fred's travel to Germany in 1921 would show whether he travelled with a wife.
  • Research in the records of Buer, Germany, might establish the Koenig family relationships and more.
  • The 1880 census could be searched for Fred and Frank Hebert as children aged approximately 9 and 6, living with their parents. (New York? Massachusetts? Connecticut? Michigan? Or it's possible they were living in Canada at that time.)
These tasks are not on my agenda at present. Although I'm not aware that Fred had any children, it's certainly possible he did, and so it's also possible that someone already knows this family's history. Perhaps at some point they'll find their way here and share the story.

Monday, December 11, 2006

Notes from The Sheldon Progress, 1905

February 3:
The German Lutheran congregation around Anselm will build a $4000 church in the spring. It will be located on the NE corner of Sec. 13 in Casey.
June 16:
F.H. Nohr has moved the parsonage, which he purchased from the German Lutheran congregation, to his fine new building spot, and is remodelling it into a modern dwelling.
June 23:
William Nohr of Morrisson, Wisconsin, is visiting his sister Mrs. Gust Jaster, and brothers Frank and Phillip Nohr this week.
June 30:
Reuben Nohr and Ed Schunk arrived last Saturday from Valparaiso, Ind., where they've been attending school the past year.
September 1:
Jake Muth, who has been disabled throughout harvest by a large carbuncle on his foot, is again able to be at work.
September 22:
Pleasant Prairie: Miss Lydia Buss is in Sheldon attending the graded school.
October 6:
Pleasant Prairie: Miss Lydia Buss, who has been attending school in Sheldon, came home to attend the term of German school to be held in the new Lutheran church.
October 13:
Pleasant Prairie: Miss Anna Buss, who has spent the summer with her sister, Mrs. Mooth [sic], is now at home.
October 20:
[Frank Nohr had a birthday party last Thursday.]
November 3:
Mrs. Ferdinand Buss visited in Enderlin Saturday.
December 29:
Miss Lizzie Muth, from Havana, is visiting Mr. and Mrs. Jake Muth.

The church photograph is from the Sheldon 125th Anniversary book (see Bibliography at the bottom of this page). There may still be copies of the book available for sale. If you're interested, please leave a comment with your email address and I will let you know who to inquire of. Your comment will not be published to this blog.

Thursday, December 07, 2006

What's more strange than a jar of hair?

"My Dear Mother's hair cut
from her head the night
she Died at 11 o'clock on
June 8, 1902 Rememberance
age 53 years May 22, 1902"

This jar and its contents were kept by my grandmother Evelyn Kerr. The explanatory note was written by her mother, Lizzie Schulte, on the back of a Christmas gift tag.

I've often been curious about the color of this lock of hair cut from Alvina Tobien Schulte's head when she was 53 years old. Not a strand of grey! I suspect there may have been some dye involved. If so, in 1902 it would have been henna. You'll find some very interesting information about the history and use of this dye at Henna for Hair.

In the Victorian era, beloved family members were sometimes remembered with mourning jewelry made from the deceased person's hair. Called "hairwork," there are a number of websites where you can learn more about that. I don't know whether Lizzie ever intended to have Alvina's hair made into jewelry. It seems not, though. Hairwork began to fall out of fashion around the time of Alvina's death. I think the lock of hair was keepsake enough for Lizzie.

I found this jar of hair a rather odd bit of family memorabilia. Imagine my surprise, then, when I found another one among my mother's things after she died. Kept in the same kind of jar, this was a lock of her own hair.

"Mary's curls cut
from her hair - at
Crown Point, Ind.-
when she was ill
2 yrs. old. 1925"

The handwriting on this note looks like Evelyn's. It looks like someone tried to change the 2 to a 3. My mother would have turned three years old in October of 1925. The trip to Crown Point was probably taken in the summer, though, when she was still just two.

Perhaps Evelyn cut the lock of hair because she feared her daughter was ill enough to die. She had lost her first daughter, Mary June, at the age of only two days (there may have been a miscarriage or two along the way also--I'm sorry, my memory is foggy on that point). After that, she bargained with God for healthy children.

Joseph & Alvina Schulte on the S.S. Holsatia

Joseph and Alvina Schulte and their young son Rudolph had betweendeck accomodations on the S.S. Holsatia when they immigrated to the United States from their home in Germany.

They arrived at the Port of New York on April 24, 1872.

According to the ship's manifest, Joseph was 29, Alvina 24, and Rudolph 2 years old.
You'll find more about the S.S. Holsatia here and more about the Hamburg America Line here.

Wednesday, December 06, 2006

The Family of Micajah Pettis

Mr. and Mrs. Micajah Pettis

The date and place of the photograph above are unknown. Micajah's first wife, Tryphena Sedgwick, died in 1842 at about 39 years of age, so my best guess is that he appears here with his second wife, Mary Margaret Maxfield.

Husband: Micajah Petit PETTIS
Born: 9 July 1806 in Argyle, Washington County, New York
Father: William M. PETTIS
Mother: Ruth CRANDALL
Died: 13 August 1881 in Winnebago, Winnebago County, Illinois

First Wife: Tryphena SEDGWICK
Born: 1803 in New York
Father: Elijah SEDGWICK
Mother: Tryphena PARKER
Married: 1830 in New York
Died: 8 February 1842 in Oneida County, New York
Burial: Westmoreland, Oneida County, New York


1 Name: Irving Sedgwick PETTIS
Born: 25 October 1831 in New York
Married: 5 February 1856 in New York
Spouse: Martha Ophelia TREAT
Died: 7 August 1903 in Geneseo, Henry County, Illinois

2 Name: Lewis M. PETTIS
Born: July 1833 in New York
Married: 18 March 1861 in Winnebago County, Illinois
Spouse: Sarah Jane MANDEVILLE
Died: 30 April 1919 in Rockford, Winnebago County, Illinois

3 Name: Tryphena Angeline PETTIS
Born: 30 November 1836 in New York
Married: 6 July 1865 in Lyndon, Sheboygan County, Wisconsin by Ezekiel T. Efner
Spouse: George WILCOX
Died: January 1924

4 Name: Darius J. PETTIS
Born: About 17 September 1837 in Verona, Oneida County, New York
Married: 5 March 1860 in Lyndon, Sheboygan, Wisconsin
Spouse: Kate EFNER
Died: About 1883 in Montana


Second Wife: Mary Margaret MAXFIELD
Born: 09 Apr 1820 in Pitston, Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania
Married: Bet. 1842 - 1849 in New York
Died: 10 Jan 1895 in Winnebago, Winnebago County, Illinois
Father: John MAXFIELD
Mother: Catherine GARDNER
Other Spouses: George BUTCHER


1 Name: Mary A. Pettis (a foster child)
Born: About 1849 in New York
Died: After 1936 in Rockford, Winnebago County, Illinois
Married: 5 Dec 1871 in Winnebago, Winnebago County, Illinois
Spouse: Henry H. MILLER

Monday, December 04, 2006

Notes from The White County Democrat, 1903

(click to enlarge)

February 20:
Licensed to wed: Henry Hasselbrink to Anna Vogel
June 19:
August Krinning, Phil Ward, George Ward, and C.G. Austin were among 55 people to go on a 14-day excursion by train. It was organized by Monticello Real Estate Co., composed of Million, Palmer & Moorhouse. It "went over the Panhandle to Louisville, Ky., and thence over L. & N. to Hazen, Ark. It was under the immediate control of Mr. Ed Wilken, who also controls a large body of land on the Grand Prairie of Arkansas in the vicinity of Hazen."
November 6:
Gust E. Krintz, who has opened up a new meat market at Reynolds, again advertises his stock and other farm property for sale, the sale to take place Wednesday, Nov. 18. The sale which he advertised some time ago had to be postponed on account of bad weather. See his bill in our advertising columns.
December 11:
Henry Brandt and Miss Allie Reprogle were married Tuesday evening, Justice B.F. Ross officiating.

Sunday, December 03, 2006

Louise Hinz on the S.S. Weser

My cousin Mary Lee and I did a little research at the Germans from Russia Heritage Society in Bismarck, North Dakota this summer. There, in Volume 1 of a book called Migration from the Russian Empire (Ira A. Glazier, ed., Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.), we found our great grandmother Louise Hinz and her firstborn daughter Alvina on a passenger list. The transcriptionist had misread her last name as Hing.
Louise, 22, and Alvina, 18 months old according to the passenger list, left their home in Russia and boarded the S.S. Weser, a the Norddeutscher Lloyd steamship, at Bremen on August 27, 1879. The Weser was built in 1867 and was 325' long and 40' wide. Louise and Alvina were steerage passengers until 9:00 a.m. on September 9, when they arrived at the Port of New York.

Mary was later able to obtain a copy of the passenger list at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City.

(click on documents for a larger view)

S.S. Weser (left) and S.S. Hohenstaufen

The Norway-Heritage website has a very interesting description of The Transatlantic Crossing here.

Saturday, December 02, 2006

When Piggy Banks Were Pretty

Evelyn's piggy bank

My grandparents, Rosmer and Evelyn, didn't live close enough to be convenient babysitters, so it wasn't often that my parents left my sister and me to stay at their home. On the rare occasions when they did, Rosmer would open his old Murphy bed for us to sleep in. The bed was manufactured in 1883 by the A.H. Andrews & Co. of New York. It had belonged to Rosmer's family in Pennsylvania before he brought it to Michigan. Moving it must have been quite a project.

By the time I had a home of my own, the bed had been moved to my parents' house. My mother said I could have it, but the way my house was constructed, there was no way to get the huge bed into either door, so it has remained in my parents' breezeway for the past 35 years or so. It's still in beautiful condition.

Even as a child I admired the bed, and I liked my grandfather's desk too. It had interesting little cubbyholes to put things in. In one of the cubbyholes, he kept his Put & Take spinner. Since toys were hard to come by at their house, this game was interesting to me.

Put & Take is said to have been invented by a soldier during World War I. It became very popular in the 1920s and 1930s. Players ante up (pennies, candies, poker chips, or whatever) and then, in turn, spin the six-sided top and follow the instruction on the side that's up when it lands: put one (more ante into the pot), put two, take one, take two, all put (in one version of the game, this means the player must double what's in the pot; in another version, it means all players must put another one into the pot), or take all (which ends that game and players must ante up again to start a new game).

Another thing I liked at their house was my grandmother's piggy bank. I have no idea when or where she got it. It belongs to me now and, although it's a bit chipped, it's still the prettiest piggy bank I've ever seen.

Friday, December 01, 2006

August Buss on the Ship Franklin

My great-great grandfather August Buss, a farmer, was 51 and his wife Wilhelmina was 42 when they emigrated from their home in Germany on the ship Franklin. Their accomodations were on the upper deck. They boarded the ship at Stettin, Germany and disembarked at the Port of New York on October 3, 1873.

They brought six children with them. My great grandfather Ferdinand was the oldest, at 20; Julius, 18; Augusta, 16; Ida, 14; Leopold, 10; and Hermann, 6 years old.

The list of passengers' baggage indicated they brought with them four cases.


*A "ship" is a vessel of at least three square rigged masts, each composed of a lower-mast, top-mast, and topgallant mast. Each is outfitted with a yard and a full complement of square sails. Click here for more information about ships from Norway-Heritage.

Blog Archive


Our Family in Books: A Bibliography

  • My Ancestors in Books (a library of resources and notes pertaining to Reverend Samuel Stone, Major General Robert Sedgwick, Elder John Crandall, and other early Americans in the forest where my family tree was grown)
  • The Zahnisers: A History of the Family in America by Kate M. Zahniser and Charles Reed Zahniser (Mercer, Pa. 1906)
  • History of St. James Lutheran Church [full title: A little of this and a little of that in the 141 year (1861-2002) History of St. James Lutheran Church, Reynolds Indiana] by Harold B. Dodge, published at Reynolds, Indiana, 2002; 170 pages.
  • Lisbon, North Dakota 1880-2005 Quasuicentennial, published at Lisbon, North Dakota in 2005; 391 pages.
  • The Paschen and Redd Families of Cass County, Indiana by Alfred Paschen, c. 2005 (Gateway Press, Inc., Baltimore, MD); 322 pages.
  • Sheldon Community History: Sheldon Centennial 1881-1981, published at Sheldon, North Dakota in 1981; 376 pages.
  • Sheldon, North Dakota 1881-2006 - 125th Anniversary: The Queen of the Prairie, published at Sheldon, North Dakota in 2006; 498 pages.
  • A Standard History of White County, Indiana, written under the supervision of W.H. Hamelle, c. 1915 (The Lewis Publishing Company, Chicago and New York).
  • The Roots of Coventry, Connecticut by Betty Brook Messier and Janet Sutherland Aronson, c. 1987 (Coventry 275th Anniversary Committee, Coventry, CT); 206 pages.
  • "Elder John Crandall of Rhode Island and His Descendants" by John Cortland Crandall; New Woodstock, New York, 1949; 797 pages.
  • "The Descendants of Robert Burdick of Rhode Island." Nellie (Willard) Johnson, Pd.B.: H & L Creations, LLC.

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